Amendment

Forms for making Applications under under Section 7D(6), 7D(8) and 7H of the Dangerous Drugs Act (as amended)

The Dangerous Drugs Act as Amended by 2015 Act No. 5

Arrangement of Sections
1.
Short title.
PART I.  Interpretation
2.
Interpretation.
PART II.  Raw Opium and Coca Leaves
3.
Import and export of raw opium and coca leaves.
4.
Power to regulate the production of and dealing in raw opium and coca leaves.
5.
Cultivation of opium or coca leaves.
PART III.  Prepared Opium
6.
Export or import of prepared opium.
7.
Manufacturing, selling, using, etc., prepared opium an offences.
PART IIIA.  Ganja
7A.
Export or import of ganja.
7B.
Cultivation, selling or dealing in or transporting ganja.
7C.
Possession of ganja.
7D.
Smoking of ganja.
PART IV.  Cocaine, Morphine, etc.
8.
Import and export of cocaine, etc.
8A.
Cultivating, selling or dealing in or transporting cocaine, etc.
8B.
Possession of cocaine, etc.
9.
Control of manufacture and sale of cocaine, etc.
10.
Drugs to which Part IV applies.
11.
Trade, etc in new drugs, and power to apply Part IV to certain drugs.
PART V.  Control of External Trade
12.
Interpretation.
13.
The export of dangerous drugs.
14.
The import of dangerous drugs.
15.
Dangerous drugs in transit.
16.
Removal licences.
17.
Drugs not to be tampered with.
18.
Diversion of dangerous drugs.
PART VI.  General
19.
Licences.
20.
Exporter or agent liable for contravention regarding export.
21.
Powers of inspection and seizure.
21A.
Offence of using the postal services for drugs.
22.
Offences and penalties.
23.
Power of arrest.
24.
Seizure and forfeiture of vehicles.
25.
Meaning of importation and exportation under licence.
26.
Burden of proof.
27.
Admissibility of certificate of Government Analyst.
28.
Meaning of expression "conveyance" in Part VI.
29.
Regulations.
30.
Power to amend Second Schedule and penalties.
Schedule

The Dangerous Drugs Act

Cap 90.
Laws
28 of 1954,
1 of 1961,
31 of 1961.
Acts
10 of 1964,
9 of 1972,
16 of 1974,
12 of 1985,
17 of 1987,
21 of 1987,
30 of 1994.
[15th April, 1948]
Short title.
1.  This Act may be cited as the Dangerous Drugs Act.
PART I.  Interpretation
Interpretation.
2.—(1)  In this Act—
"coca leaves" means the leaves of any plant of the genus of the Erythroxylaceae from which cocaine can be extracted either directly or by chemical transformation;
12/1985 Sch.
"Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Customs and Excise;
"corresponding law" means any law stated in a certificate purporting to be issued by or on behalf of the Government of any country outside the Island to be a law providing for the control and regulation in that country of the manufacture, sale, use, export, and import, of drugs in accordance with the provisions of the Hague Convention, the Geneva Convention (No. 1), or the Geneva Convention (No. 2), and any statement in any such certificate as to the effect of the law mentioned in the certificate, or any statement in any such certificate that any facts constitute an offence against that law, shall be conclusive;
"the Geneva Convention (No. 1)" means the convention signed at Geneva, on behalf of His Majesty, on the 19 day of February, 1925, for the purpose of completing and strengthening the provisions of the Hague Convention;
"the Geneva Convention (No. 2)" means the convention signed at Geneva, on behalf of His Majesty, on the 13th day of July, 1931, for limiting the manufacture and regulating the distribution of narcotic drugs;
"the Hague Convention" means the International Convention signed at the Hague on the 23rd day of January, 1912;
5/2015 S. 3(b).
"hemp" means the plant cannabis sativa, or any part thereof, with a THC concentration of no more than 1.0% or such other concentration as may be prescribed by the Minister by order published in the Gazette;
5/2015 S. 3(a).
"ganja" includes all parts of the plant cannabis sativa from which the resin has not been extracted and includes any resin obtained from that plant, but does not include—
(i)  medicinal preparations made from that plant;
(ii)  hemp;
"medical opium" means raw opium which has undergone the process necessary to adapt it for medicinal use in accordance with the requirements of the British Pharmacopoeia, whether it is in the form of powder or is granulated or is in any other form, and whether it is or is not mixed with neutral materials;
"prepared opium" means opium prepared for smoking and includes dross and any other residues remaining after opium has been smoked;
17/1987 S. 2(b).
"prescribed ports or places" means ports or places prescribed by order, by the Minister;
"raw opium" means the spontaneously coagulated juice obtained from the capsules of the papaver somniferum L. which has only been submitted to the necessary manipulations for packing and transport, whatever its content of morphine, and includes powdered or granulated opium, but does not include medicinal opium.
5/2015 S. 3(b).
"THC" means Δ 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (6aR,10aR)-6a, 7,8,10a-tetrahydro-6,6,9-trimethyl-3-pentyl-6H-dibenzo [b,d] pyran- 1 - ol).(THC);
17/1987 S. 2(c).
(2)  For the purposes of any penalty under this Act, any reference to an "ounce" shall—
(a)  as respects the first such ounce, be deemed to include a part of an ounce; and
(b)  as respects amounts exceeding an ounce or ounces, be deemed to include any part of an ounce in excess of a complete ounce or ounces, as the case may be.
PART II.  Raw Opium and Coca Leaves
Import and export of raw opium and coca leaves.
3.  Every person who imports or brings into, or exports from, the Island any raw opium or coca leaves except under and in accordance with a licence, and into or from prescribed ports or places, shall be guilty of an offence against this Act.
Power to regulate the production of and dealing in raw opium and coca leaves.
4.  The Minister may make regulations for controlling or restricting the importation, exportation, transit, production, possession, sale, and distribution, of raw opium or coca leaves, and in particular, but without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, for prohibiting the production, possession, sale, or distribution, of raw opium or coca leaves except by persons licensed or otherwise authorised in that behalf.
Cultivation of opium or coca leaves. 30/1994 S. 2(a).
5.—(1)  Every person who cultivates the opium poppy (papaver somniferum) or the coca plant (Erythroxylum coca) shall be guilty of an offence against this Act.
30/1994 S. 2(b).
(2)  Every person who contravenes subsection (1) shall be liable—
(a)  on conviction before a Circuit Court to a fine or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty-five years or to both such fine and imprisonment;
(b)  on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate to a fine not exceeding five hundred thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to both such fine and imprisonment.
PART III.  Prepared Opium
Export or import of prepared opium. 17/1987 S. 6.
6.  Every person who imports or brings into, or exports from, the Island any prepared opium shall be guilty of an offence against this Act.
Manufacturing, selling, using, etc prepared opium an offence. 17/1987 S. 5(a), (b).
7.  Every person who—
(a)  manufactures, sells, or otherwise deals in, prepared opium; or
(b)  has in his possession any prepared opium; or
(c)  being the occupier of any premises permits those premises to be used for the purpose of the preparation of opium for smoking or for the sale, or smoking. of prepared opium: or
17/1987 S. 5(c).
(d)  is concerned in the management of any premises which he knows is being used for any such purpose as is set out in paragraph (c); or
(e)  has in his possession any pipes or other utensils for use in connection with the smoking of opium, or any utensils used in connection with the preparation of opium for smoking; or
(f)  smokes or otherwise uses prepared opium, or frequents any place used for the purpose of opium smoking,
shall be guilty of an offence against this Act.
17/1987 S. 6.
PART IIIA.  Ganja
Export or import of ganja. 5/2015 S. 4(a).
7A.—(1)  Subject to subsection (4), every person who imports or exports or takes any steps preparatory to exporting ganja shall be guilty of an offence and—
30/1994 S. 3(a).
(a)  on conviction before a Circuit Court, shall be sentenced to a fine of not less than five hundred dollars for each ounce of ganja which the Court is satisfied is the subject-matter of the offence or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty-five years or to both such the and imprisonment; or
(b)  on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate, notwithstanding section 44 of the Interpretation Act, shall be liable&mdash
30/1994 S. 3(b).
(i)  to a fine which shall not be less than three hundred dollars, nor more than five hundred dollars, for each ounce of ganja which the Resident Magistrate is satisfied is the subject-matter of the offence, so, however, that any such fine shall not exceed five hundred thousand dollars, or
(ii)  to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years; or, that any such fine shall not exceed five hundred thousand dollars, or
(iii)  to both such fine and imprisonment.
(2)  Where there is evidence—
(a)  that the ganja for which an accused person has been charged under this section is packaged in such a way as to make it reasonably suitable for exporting; or
(b)  that the ganja for which a person is charged was found to be in or at any prescribed port or place,
that evidence shall be prima facie evidence of steps being taken preparatory to the exporting of the ganja by the person charged.
(3)  In this section the expressions "export" and "import" shall have the same meanings as in section 12.
5/2015 S. 4(b).
(4)  Nothing in subsection (1) shall apply to any person who is certified by a registered medical practitioner to be—
(a)  suffering from cancer or any other terminal or serious chronic illness; and
(b)  a person the use by whom of any medicinal or therapeutic product comprising, derived from, or containing ganja, is recommended by that registered medical practitioner,
as regards the importation of that medicinal or therapeutic product in an amount not exceeding that recommended by the registered medical practitioner and, in the case of a medicinal or therapeutic product comprising ganja plant material, in accordance with regulations made under section 9A.
Cultivating, selling or dealing in, or transporting ganja. 17/1987 S. 6. 5/2015 S. 5(a), (b).
7B.—(1)  Subject to subsections (2) and (4), every person who—
(a)  cultivates, gathers, produces, sells or otherwise deals in ganja, or
(b)  being the owner or occupier of any premises, uses such premises for the cultivation or storage of ganja or the selling or otherwise dealing in ganja or knowingly permits such premises to be so used; or
(c)  uses any conveyance for carrying ganja or for the purpose of selling or otherwise dealing in ganja, or being the owner or person in charge of any conveyance, knowingly permits it to be so used,
shall be guilty of an offence and—
30/1994 S. 4(a).
(d)  on conviction before a Circuit Court, shall be sentenced to a fine of not less than two hundred dollars for each ounce of ganja which the Court is satisfied is the subject matter of the offence or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty-five years or to both such fine and imprisonment; or
(e)  on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate, notwithstanding section 44 of the Interpretation Act, shall be liable—
30/1994 S. 4(b).
(i)  to a fine which shall not be less than one hundred dollars, nor more than two hundred dollars, for each ounce of ganja which the Resident Magistrate is satisfied is the subject-matter of the offence, so, however, that any such fine shall not exceed five hundred thousand dollars; or
(ii)  to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years; or
(iii)  to both such fine and imprisonment.
5/2015 S. 5(b).
(2)  Nothing in—
(a)  subsection (1)(b), as relates to using or knowingly permitting the use of any premises for the storage of ganja; or
(b)  subsection (1)(c), as relates to using or knowingly permitting the use of any conveyance for carrying ganja,
shall apply in the circumstances referred to in subsection (3).
5/2015 S. 5(b).
(3)  For the purposes of subsection (2), the circumstances are that—
(a)  the total quantity of the ganja does not exceed the quantity specified in section 7F; or
(b)  the ganja is used or carried in connection with any of the purposes specified in section 7C(2).
5/2015 S. 5(b).
(4)  Nothing in subsection (1) as it relates to the cultivation, gathering or storage of ganja shall be construed to apply to five or less than five ganja plants found on any premises, and those plants so found shall be deemed to be grown for the medical or therapeutic use of the leaves or for horticultural purposes.
5/2015 S. 5(b).
(5)  For the purposes of subsection (4) where there is more than one household on any premises, each household shall be treated as a separate premises.
Possession of ganja. 17/1987 S. 6. 21/1987 S. 2. 5/2015 S. 6(a), (b). ERROR!
7C.—(1)  Subject to subsection (2), a person who is in possession of any ganja in excess of the quantity specified in section 7F commits an offence and—
(a)  on conviction before a Circuit Court, shall be sentenced to a fine or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to both such fine and imprisonment; or
(b)  on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate, shall be liable—
(i)  to a fine not exceeding one hundred dollars for each ounce of ganja which the Resident Magistrate is satisfied is the subject-matter of the offence, so, however, that any such fine shall not exceed fifteen thousand dollars; or
(ii)  to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years; or
(iii)  to both such fine and imprisonment.
5/2015 S. 6(b).
(2)  Subsection (1) shall not apply to the possession of ganja for any of the following purposes—
(a)  religious purposes as a sacrament in adherence to the Rastafarian faith;
(b)  medical or therapeutic purposes as prescribed or recommended in writing by—
(i)  a registered medical practitioner; or
(ii)  other health practitioner, or class of practitioners, approved for that purpose by the Minister responsible for health by order published in the Gazette;
(c)  the purposes of scientific research—
(i)  conducted by a duly accredited tertiary institution; or
(ii)  otherwise approved by the Scientific Research Council or such other body as may be prescribed by the Minister.
5/2015 S. 7.
7D.—(1)  Nothing in section 7A, 7B, 7C or 7F applies to the handling of ganja for medical, therapeutic or scientific purposes in accordance with a licence, permit or other authorisation issued under this Act or any other Act.
(2)  In subsection (1) and section 9A—
"handling" includes use, cultivation, processing, importation, exportation, transit, manufacture, sale, possession and distribution;
"medical, therapeutic or scientific purposes" includes research, clinical trials, therapy and treatment, and the manufacture of nutraceuticals and phamiaceuticals.
(3)  In furtherance of scientific research undertaken by an institution or other body referred to in subsection (4), the Minister responsible for science and technology may by order published in the Gazette authorize that institution or other body (as the case may be) to—
(a)  cultivate ganja on lands designated by the Minister in the order; and
(b)  import into Jamaica any ganja plant or part thereof (for example, seeds, saplings, and plant tissue) from any jurisdiction where the exportation of such plant or part thereof to Jamaica is lawful under the laws of that jurisdiction, in accordance with regulations made under section 9A.
(4)  For the purposes of subsection (3), the institutions or other bodies are—
(a)  a duly accredited tertiary institution or other body approved by the Scientific Research Council; or
(b)  any third party engaged for the purposes of subsection (3) by a tertiary institution or other body referred to in paragraph (a).
(5)  The other sections of this Part shall not apply to any ganja which is the subject of an order under subsection (3) and which is handled in accordance with the order.
(6)  The Minister responsible for justice may by order published in the Gazette authorize any—
(a)  person who has attained the age of eighteen years and who the Minister is satisfied is an adherent of the Rastafarian faith or any group of such persons; or
(b)  organization that the Minister is satisfied is comprised of such persons,
to cultivate, on lands designated by the Minister in the order and in accordance with such regulations as the Minister may prescribe for that purpose, ganja for use for religious purposes as a sacrament in adherence to the Rastafarian faith.
(7)  The other sections of this Part, with the exception of—
(a)  section 7A;
(b)  section 7B as it relates to selling or otherwise dealing in ganja; and
(c)  section 7E,
shall not apply to ganja which is the subject of an order under subsection (6).
(8)  The Minister responsible for justice may by order published in the Gazette declare an event to be an exempt event for the purposes of subsection (9), if the Minister is satisfied that the event is—
(a)  promoted or sponsored by—
(i)  a person who is an adherent of the Rastafarian faith or any group of such persons; or
(ii)  any organization that is comprised of such persons, whether alone or in association with other persons who are not such adherents; and
(b)  primarily for the purpose of the celebration or observance of the Rastafarian faith.
(9)  Where an event is declared under subsection (8) to be exempt for the purposes of this subsection, no person shall be liable, under this Part, to arrest, detention, prosecution for any offence, or any other penalty, as regards ganja being conveyed to, or which is possessed or smoked at, the event in such amount and under such conditions as are specified in the order.
(10)  The purchase and possession in Jamaica, by any person not ordinarily resident in Jamaica, of two ounces or less of ganja at a time shall not be construed as an offence under this Part if the person—
(a)  produces a voluntary declaration signed by that person, or any other satisfactory evidence, that the person's use of ganja is for medical or therapeutic purposes as prescribed or recommended in writing by a medical practitioner entitled to practice in the jurisdiction where the person is ordinarily resident; and
(b)  is in possession of a valid permit issued to that person under subsection (11).
(11)  A permit for the purposes of subsection (10) may be issued by the Minister responsible for health upon application made in such form, and accompanied by such fee, as may be prescribed by that Minister by order published in the Gazette.
(12)  The Minister responsible for finance shall direct that such percentage, as may be prescribed by order published in the Gazette, of the fees received for the issue of any licence, permit or other authorization under this section or section 9A be applied for the following purposes—
(a)  strengthening the capacity and programmes of the National Council on Drug Abuse, including public education programmes to discourage the use of ganja by persons under the age of eighteen years, persons with a mental disorder, pregnant women and other vulnerable groups;
(b)  strengthening Jamaica's mental health institutions and services;
(c)  funding scientific and medical research into ganja or hemp; and
(d)  supporting the regulatory arrangements arising under regulations made pursuant to section 9A.
Smoking of ganja in public places prohibited. First Schedule. 5/2015 S. 7.
7E.  The provisions of the First Schedule shall apply to the smoking of ganja in public places as described in the First Schedule.
Possession of ganja in small quantity. 5/2015 S. 7.
7F.—(1)  Subject to subsection (2), a person who is in possession of ganja of a quantity which in total does not exceed the prescribed amount contravenes this subsection.
(2)  Subsection (1) shall not apply to the possession of ganja for a purpose specified in section 7C(2).
(3)  In this section, "the prescribed amount" means two ounces or such other amount as may be specified by the Minister by order subject to affirmative resolution.
Penalty for contravention in relation to smoking or possession in small quantities. 5/2015 S. 7.
7G.—(1)  Notwithstanding sections 23 and 24, a person who contravenes section 7F(1) or a provision of the First Schedule shall not be liable to be arrested or detained therefor, but shall be liable to a fixed penalty of five hundred dollars.
First Schedule. 5/2015 S. 7.
(2)  A constable who has reasonable grounds to believe that a person is in contravention of section 7F(1) or a provision of the First Schedule shall, by giving the prescribed notice in writing in accordance with subsection (3), offer that person the opportunity to discharge the fixed penalty.
(3)  A notice in accordance with this subsection shall—
(a)  give such particulars of the contravention alleged as is necessary for giving reasonable information of the allegation;
(b)  state that the fixed penalty shall be paid within thirty days after the date of the notice;
(c)  state the amount ofthe fixed penalty and that such fixed penalty shall be paid to any Collector of Taxes;
(d)  require the person, in the event that the fixed penalty is not paid within the period specified in the notice, to attend before the Petty Sessions Court in the parish in which the contravention is alleged to have been committed, to answer to a charge under subsection (8) on such date as may be specified, being a date not earlier than ten days after the expiration of the period specified pursuant to subsection (6);
(e)  in any case falling within subsection (4), refer the person to the National Council for Drug Abuse or such other body as the Minister may prescribe.
(4)  For the purposes of subsection (3)(e), a case falls within this subsection if the person to whom the notice is to be issued—
(a)  is under the age of eighteen years; or
(b)  is eighteen years or older and appears, to the constable issuing the notice, to be dependent on ganja.
(5)  A person to whom a notice is issued under this section shall not be liable to be convicted of an offence under subsection (8) if the fixed penalty is paid in accordance with this section before the final adjudication ofthe case.
(6)  Where a person is issued a notice under this section, proceedings shall not be taken against the person for an offence under subsection (8) until the expiration of thirty days after the date of the notice or such longer period (if any) as may be specified in the notice.
(7)  In any proceedings a certificate that payment of the fixed penalty was or was not made to the Collector of Taxes by a date specified in the certificate shall, if the certificate purports to be signed by the Collector of Taxes, be sufficient evidence of the facts stated unless the contrary is proved.
(8)  A person who, without reasonable cause or excuse, fails to pay the fixed penalty in accordance with a notice issued to that person under this section commits an offence and shall be liable upon conviction in a Petty Sessions Court—
(a)  to perform unpaid work for such nunber of hours (being in the aggregate not less than forty nor more than three hundred and sixty) as may be specified by the Court in an order made for that purpose; or
(b)  if the Court is not satisfied that arrangements can be made in the area in which the offender resides, or will reside, for the offender to perform work under an order made under paragraph (a) and for the proper supervision of that work, to a fine of two thousand dollars.
(9)  The provisions of sections 10(3) to (6) and 11 of the Criminal Justice (Reform) Act shall apply to an order made under subsection (8)(a) as if that order were a community service order made under section 10 of that Act.
First Schedule.
(10)  For the purposes of the Criminal Records (Rehabilitation of Offenders) Act, a contravention of section 7F or a provision of the First Schedule shall not form a part of the criminal record of the offender.
(11)  A notice under subsection (3) shall, for the purposes of paragraph (d) of that subsection, be deemed to be a summons under section 2 of the Justices of the Peace Jurisdiction Act.
Regulations. 5/2015 S. 7.
7H.—(1)  The Minister may make regulations—
(a)  prescribing the procedure and criteria for registration of places of Rastafarian worship for the purposes of the definition of "public place" set out in the First Schedule;
(b)  prescribing the form of notice to be issued under section 7G; and
(c)  subject to affirmative resolution, amending—
(i)  the First Schedule; or
(ii)  section 70(3) or (8)(b) so as to vary the amount of the penalty which may be imposed under that provision.
(2)  In this section, "Minister" means, for the purposes of—
(a)  subsection (1)(a), the Minister responsible for justice;
(b)  subsection (1)(c)(i), the Minister responsible for health; and
(c)  subsection (1)(b) and (c)(ii), the Minister responsible for national security.
PART IV.  Cocaine, Morphine, etc.
Import and export of cocaine, etc.
8.  Every person who imports or brings into, or exports from, the Island any drug to which this Part applies except under and in accordance with a licence, and into or from prescribed ports or places, shall be guilty of an offence against this Act.
Cultivating, selling, or dealing in, or transporting cocaine, etc. 30/1994 S. 5.
8A.—(1)  Every person who, save as authorised by a licence or under regulations made under this Act—
(a)  sells or distributes any drug to which this Part applies, or
(b)  being the owner or occupier of any premises uses such premises for the manufacture, sale or distribution of any such drug or knowingly permits such premises to be so used; or
(c)  uses any conveyance for carrying any such drug or for the purpose of the sale or distribution of such drug or, being the owner or person in charge of any conveyance, knowingly permits it to be so used,
shall be guilty of an offence.
(2)  Every person who contravenes subsection (1) shall be liable—
(a)  on conviction before a Circuit Court to a fine or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty-five years or to both such fine and imprisonment;
(b)  on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate to a fine not exceeding five hundred thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to both such fine and imprisonment.
Possession of cocaine, etc. 30/1994 S. 5.
8B.—(1)  A person shall not, save as authorised by a licence, or under any regulations made under this Act, be in possession of any drug to which this Part applies.
(2)  Every person who contravenes this section shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable—
(a)  on conviction before a Circuit Court to a fine or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty-five years or to both such fine and imprisonment;
(b)  on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate to a fine not exceeding five hundred thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to both such fine and imprisonment.
Control of manufacture and sale of cocaine, etc.
9.—(1)  For the purpose of preventing the improper use of the drugs to which this Part applies, the Minister may make regulations for controlling the importation exportation, transit, manufacture, sale, possession and distribution of those drugs, and in particular, but without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power—
(a)  for prohibiting the manufacture of any drug to which this Part applies except on premises licensed for the purpose and subject to any conditions specified in the licence,
(b)  for prohibiting the manufacture, sale, or distribution, of any such drug except by persons licensed or otherwise authorised under the Regulations made under this Act and subject to any conditions specified in the licence or authority;
(c)  for regulating the issue by medical practitioners of prescriptions containing any such drug and the dispensing of any such prescription,
(d)  far requiring persons engaged in the manufacture, sale, or distribution, of any such drug to keep such books and furnish such information, either in writing or otherwise, as may be prescribed.
(2)  The regulations under this section shall also provide for authorising any person who is licensed or otherwise authorised and who lawfully keeps open shop for the retailing of poisons in accordance with the provisions of the Pharmacy Act—
(a)  to manufacture at the shop in the ordinary course of his retail business any preparation, admixture, or extract, of any drug to which this Part applies; or
(b)  to carry on at the shop the business of retailing, dispensing, or compounding, any such drug,
subject to the power of the Minister to withdraw the authorisation in the case of a person who has been convicted of an offence against this Act or against the Pharmacy Act or against the Food and Drugs Act, and who cannot, in the opinion of the Minister, properly be allowed to carry on the business of manufacturing or selling or distributing, as the case may be, any such drug.
(3)  Nothing in any regulations made under this section shall be taken to authorise the sale, or the keeping of an open shop for the retailing, dispensing, or compounding, of poisons by any person who is not qualified in that behalf under, or otherwise than in accordance with, the provisions of the Pharmacy Act, or to be in derogation of the provisions of such Act for prohibiting, restricting, or regulating, the sale of poisons.
Control of handling of hemp and ganja. 5/2015 S. 8.
9A.—(1)  For the purpose of enabling the establishment of a lawful, regulated industry in—
(a)  hemp; and
(b)  ganja for medical, therapeutic or scientific purposes,
there is hereby established a Cannabis Licensing Authority (in this Act referred to as "the Authority").
(2)  The Authority shall have—
(a)  the power to make, with the approval of the Minister responsible for justice, regulations for the issue and regulation, by the Authority, of such licences, permits and authorizations, as may be appropriate, for the handling of—
(i)  hemp; and
(ii)  ganja for medical, therapeutic or scientific purposes within the meaning of section 7D;
(b)  the duty to ensure that regulations made under paragraph (a) do not contravene Jamaica's international obligations; and
(c)  such other powers, functions and duties as may be assigned to the Authority under this Act or any other law.
Second Schedule.
(3)  The provisions of the Second Schedule shall have effect with respect to the constitution of the Authority and otherwise in relation thereto.
(4)  Without prejudice to the generality of paragraph (a) ofsubsection (2), regulations made under that paragraph may provide for—
(a)  the procedure governing applications for the licences, permits and other authorizations referred to in that paragraph, including the information to be submitted with such applications;
(b)  the criteria for the grant of those licences, permits and other authorizations;
(c)  the inclusion of such terms and conditions in those licences, permits and other authorizations, as the Authority considers appropriate;
(d)  the procedures to be complied with by holders of those licences, permits and other authorizations to secure compliance with this Act and the regulations, and the monitoring of such compliance (for example, requirements for reporting and inspections);
(e)  the circumstances in which those licences, permits and other authorizations may be suspended or revoked; and
(f)  the fees payable for the application, grant or renewal of those licences, permits and other authorizations.
(5)  Unless otherwise provided in regulations made pursuant to this section, the provisions of Part V—
(a)  shall not apply to hemp or ganja handled in accordance with a licence, permit or other authorization issued pursuant to regulations made under this section;
(b)  except as provided in paragraph (a), shall apply to—
(i)  all parts, and any extract or tincture, of the plant cannabis sativa; and
(ii)  all preparations of which resins obtained from the plant cannabis sativa form the base,
as if such part, extract, tincture or preparation, as the case may be, were a "dangerous drug" within the meaning of section 12.
Second Schedule.
(6)  The Ministers referred to in paragraph 1 of the Second Schedule shall ensure that their respective ministries provide the Authority with such support services as the Authority may reasonably require to effectively carry out its functions and duties.
(7)  An appeal shall be to an appeal tribunal constituted in accordance with regulations made under section 29, in respect of any decision of the Authority to refuse, suspend or revoke a licence, permit or other authorization referred to in subsection (2)(a).
Drugs to which Part IV applies. 5/2015 S. 9 deleting paragraph (b)
10.—(1)  The drugs to which this Part applies are—
(a)  medicinal opium;
(c)  morphine and its salts, and diacetylmorphine (commonly known as diacetylmorphine or heroin) and the other esters of morphine and their respective salts;
(d)  cocaine including synthetic cocaine) and ecgonine and their respective salts, and the esters of ecgonine and their respective salts;
(e)  any solution or dilution of morphine or cocaine or their salts in an inert substance whether liquid or solid containing any proportion of morphine or cocaine, and any preparation, admixture, extract, or other substance (not being such a solution or dilution as aforesaid), containing not less than one-fifth /per centum/ of morphine or one-tenth /per centum/ of cocaine;
(f)  any preparation, admixture, extract, or other substance, containing any proportion of diacetylmorphine or of the other esters of morphine, or containing any proportion of ecgonine or of the esters of ecgonine,
(g)  dihydrohydroxycodeinone, dihydrocodeinone, dihydromorphinone, acetyldihydrocodeinone, dihydromorphine, their esters and the salts of any of these substances and of their esters, morphine- N-oxide (commonly known as genomorphine), the morphine-N-oxide derivatives and any other pentavalent nitrogen morphine derivatives;
(h)  thebaine and its salts, and (with the exception methylmorphine, commonly known as codeine, and of ethylmorphine, commonly known as dionin, and their respective salts) benzylmorphine and the other ethers of morphine and their respective salts;
(i)  any preparation, admixture, extract, or other substance, containing any proportion of any of the substances mentioned in paragraph (g) or in paragraph(h).
For the purpose of the foregoing provision the expression "ecgonine," means laevo-ecgonine and includes any derivatives of ecgonine from which it may be recovered industrially, and the percentage in the case of morphine shall be calculated as in respect of anhydrous morphine.
(2) For the purposes of this section, percentages in the ease of liquid preparations shall, unless other provision in that behalf is made by regulations under this Act, be calculated on the basis that a preparation containing one per centum of any substance means a preparation in which one gramme of the substance, if a solid, or one millilitre of the substance, if a liquid, is contained in every one hundred millilitres of the preparation, and so in proportion, for any greater or less percentage.
(3) If it appears to the Minister that any new derivative of morphine or cocaine or of any salts of morphine or cocaine or any other alkaloid of opium or any other drug of whatever kind is, or is likely to be productive, if improperly used, or is capable of being converted into a substance which is, or is likely to be productive, if improperly used, of ill-effects substantially of the same character or nature as or analogous to those produced by morphine or cocaine, the Minister may by order declare that this Part shall apply to that new derivative or alkaloid or other drug in the same manner as it applies to the drugs mentioned in subsection (1).
(4) If the Minister thinks fit to declare that a finding with respect to any preparation containing any of the drugs to which this Part applies has in pursuance of Article 8 of the Geneva Convention (No. 1) been communicated by the Council of the League of Nations to the parties to the said Convention, the provisions of this Part shall, as from such date as may be specified in such declaration, cease apply to the preparations specified therein.
Trade, etc in new drugs, and power to apply Part IV to certain drugs.
11.—(1)  Every person in the Island, who trades in, or manufactures for the purpose of trade, any products obtained from any of the phenanthrene alkaloids of opium, or from the ecgonine alkaloids of the coca leaf, not being a product which was on the 13th day of July, 1931, being used for medical or scientific purposes shall be guilty of an offence against this Act:
Provided that if the Minister is at any time satisfied as respects any such product that it is of medical or scientific value, he may by order direct that this subsection shall cease to apply to that product.
(2) If it is made to appear to the Minister that a decision with respect to any such product as is mentioned in subsection (1) has in pursuance of Article II of the Geneva Convention (No. 2) been communicated by the Secretary-General of the League of Nations to the parties to the said Convention, the Minister, by order, may, as the case requires, either declare that the provisions of this Part shall apply to that product in the same manner as they apply to the drugs mentioned in subsection (1) of section 10, or apply such Part to that product with such modifications as may be specified in the order.
(3) The Minister may by order apply this Part, with such modifications as may be specified in the order, to any of the following drugs, that is to say, methylmorphine (commonly known as codeine), ethylmorphine (commonly known as dionin) and their respective salts, preparations and admixtures.
PART V.  Control of External Trade
Interpretation.
12.  In this Part—
"conveyance" includes ship, aircraft and any other means of transport by which goods may be brought into or taken from the Island;
5/2015 S. 10.
"dangerous drug" means any drug to which Part IV applies, and includes raw opium, and coca leaves;
"diversion certificate" means a certificate issued by the competent authority of a country through which a dangerous drug passes in transit, authorising the diversion of such drug to a country other than that specified as the country of ultimate destination in the export authorisation, and containing all the particulars required to be included in an export authorisation, together with the name of the country from which the consignment was originally exported;
"export" with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions, in relation to the Island, means to take or cause to be taken out of the Island by land, air, or water, otherwise than in transit;
"export authorisation" means an authorisation issued by a competent authority in a country from which a dangerous drug is exported, containing full particulars of such drug, and the quantity authorised to be exported, together with the names and addresses of the exporter and the person to whom it is to be sent, and stating the country to which, and the period within which it is to be exported,
"import" with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions, in relation to the Island, means to bring or cause to be brought
"import authorisation" means a licence, issued by a competent authority, authorising the importation of a specified quantity of a dangerous drug and containing full particulars of the drug, together with the name and address of the person authorised to import the drug, the name and address of the person from whom the drug is to be obtained, and specifying the period within which the importation must be effected;
Schedule Form A.
"import certificate" means a certificate substantially in the Form A set out in the Schedule, issued by a competent authority in a country into which it is intended to import dangerous drugs;
"in transit" means taken or sent from any country and brought into the Island by land, air or water (whether or not landed or transhipped in the Island), for the sole purpose of being carried to another country either by the same or another conveyance.
The export of dangerous drugs.

Schedule Form B.
13.—(1)  Upon the production of an import certificate duly issued by the competent authority in any country, the Chief Medical Officer may issue an export authorisation in the Form B set out in the Schedule in respect of any drug referred to in the import certificate to any person who is named as the exporter in such certificate, and is, under the provisions of this Act, otherwise lawfully entitled to export such drug from the Island. The export authorisation shall be prepared in triplicate and two copies shall be issued to the exporter who shall send one copy with the drug to which it refers when such drug is exported. The Chief Medical Officer shall send the third copy direct to the appropriate authority of the country of ultimate destination. Where the intended exportation is to a country which is not a party to the Geneva Convention (No. 2), it shall not be necessary to produce an import certificate. Subject to the provisions of subsection (2), it shall be in the absolute discretion of the Chief Medical Officer in all cases to issue or refuse an export authorisation, as he may think fit.
(2) If at any time the importation of any dangerous drug into a foreign country which is not a party to the Geneva Convention (No. 2) is prohibited or restricted by the laws of that country no export authorisation may lawfully be issued authorising the exportation thereof to such country in contravention of such laws.
(3) No dangerous drug shall be exported from the Island unless the consignor is in possession of a valid and subsisting export authorisation relating to such drug granted under this Act.
12/1985 Sch.
(4) At the time of exportation of any dangerous drug the exporter shall produce to the Commissioner the dangerous drug, the export authorisation relating thereto, and such other evidence as the Commissioner may require to satisfy him that the drug is being lawfully exported to the place and person named in the authorisation which refers to it.
(5) Every person who exports, causes to be exported, or takes any steps preparatory to exporting, any dangerous drug from the Island except under and in accordance with, the provisions of this Act shall be guilty of an offence against this Act.
The import of dangerous drugs.

Schedule Form C.
14.—(1)  An import authorisation in the Form C set out in the Schedule permitting the importation into the Island of any dangerous drug specified therein may be granted by the Chief Medical Officer subject to such conditions as he may deem fit to any person who may lawfully import such drug.
(2)  Where an import authorisation is issued under subsection (1), the Chief Medical Officer shall also issue, in relation to the dangerous drug intended to be imported, an import certificate (Form A) which shall be forwarded by the intending importer to the person from whom the drug is to be obtained. When the importer to whom an import authorisation is issued under this section intends to import the drug or drugs to which such authorisation relates in more than one consignment, a separate import certificate shall be issued to him in respect of each such consignment.
(3)  No dangerous drug shall be imported into the Island unless the person to whom the drug is consigned is in possession of a valid and subsisting import authorisation granted under this section.
(4)  Every dangerous drug imported into the Island from a country which is a party to the Geneva Convention (No. 1) shall be accompanied by a valid and subsisting export authorisation or diversion certificate.
(5)  Every person who imports, causes to be imported, or takes any steps preparatory to importing any dangerous drug into the Island except under, and in accordance with, the provisions of this Act shall be guilty of an offence against this Act.
(6)  There shall be a Dangerous Drugs (Import Licences) Appeal Board consisting of five medical practitioners appointed in that behalf by the Minister, two of whom shall be government medical officers and three of whom shall be private practitioners.
(7)  The Minister shall from such members appoint a Chairman of the Board and the Chairman and two members shall form a quorum.
(8)  Any person who is aggrieved by the refusal of an import authorisation under this section may, within seven days of such refusal, appeal to the Board against such refusal, and the decision of the Board on such appeal shall be final.
Dangerous drugs in transit.
15.—(1)  No person shall bring any dangerous drug to the Island in transit unless—
(a)  the drug is in course of transit from a country from which it may be lawfully exported, to another country into which such drug may be lawfully imported, and
(b)  except where the drug comes from a country not a party to the Geneva Convention (No. 1), it is accompanied by a valid and subsisting export authorisation or diversion certificate, as the case may be.
12/1985 Sch.
(2)  Where any dangerous drug in transit is accompanied by an export authorisation or diversion certificate and the Commissioner has reasonable grounds for believing that such authorisation or certificate is false, or that it has been obtained by fraud or wilful misrepresentation of a material particular, the Commissioner, may seize and detain the drug to which such authorisation or certificate relates. Upon being satisfied that such authorisation or certificate is valid or has not been obtained by fraud or misrepresentation the Commissioner shall release the drug.
12/1985 Sch.
(3)  Where the dangerous drug in transit is not accompanied by an export authorisation or diversion certificate by reason of the fact that the drug comes from a country not a party to the Geneva Convention (No. 1) and the Commissioner has reasonable grounds for believing that such drug is being conveyed in an unlawful manner or for an unlawful purpose or is in course of transit for the purpose of being imported into another country in contravention of the law of that country, the Commissioner may seize and detain the drug.
12/1985 Sch.
(4)  Where a dangerous drug brought into the Island in transit is landed, or transhipped in the Island, it shall remain under the control of the Commissioner and shall be moved only under and in accordance with the removal licence granted under section 16.
(5)  Nothing in this section contained shall be deemed to apply to any dangerous drug in transit by post or in transit by air if the aircraft passes over the Island without landing, or to such quantities of dangerous drugs as may, /bona fide/, reasonably form part of the medical stores of any ship or aircraft.
Removal licenses.
16.—(1)  Every person who—
(a)  removes any dangerous drug from the conveyance by which it is brought into the Island in transit; or
(b)  in any way moves any such drug in the Island at any time after removal from such conveyance,
Schedule Form D.

12/1985 Sch.
except under and in accordance with a licence in the form D set out in the Schedule (in this Act referred to as a "removal licence") issued by the Commissioner shall be guilty of an offence against this Act. In all cases it shall be in the absolute discretion of the Commissioner to issue or refuse a removal licence as he shall deem fit.
12/1985 Sch.
(2)  No removal licence for the transfer of any such drug to any conveyance for removal out of the Island shall be issued unless and until a valid and subsisting export authorisation or diversion certificate relating to it is produced to the Commissioner:
Provided that where the drug has come from a country not a party to the Geneva Convention (No. 1) this sub-section shall not apply.
(3)  The provisions of this section shall not apply to dangerous drugs in transit by post.
Drugs not to be tampered with.

12/1985 Sch.
17.  Every person who causes any dangerous drug transit to be subjected to any process which would alter its nature, or wilfully opens or breaks any package containing a dangerous drug in transit except under the instructions of the Commissioner and in such manner as he may direct, shall be guilty of an offence against this Act.
Diversion of dangerous drugs.

Schedule Form E.
18.—(1)  Every person who, except under the authority of a diversion certificate in the Form E set out in the Schedule, causes or procures any dangerous drug brought into the Island in transit to be diverted to any destination other than that to which it was originally consigned, shall be guilty of an offence against this Act. In the case of any drug in transit accompanied by an export authorisation or a diversion certificate issued by a competent authority of some other country, the country to which the drug was originally consigned shall be deemed to be the country stated in such export authorisation or diversion certificate to be the country of destination.
(2)  The Chief Medical Officer may in his absolute discretion issue a diversion certificate in respect of any dangerous drug in transit upon production to him of a valid and subsisting import certificate issued by a competent authority in the country to which it is proposed to divert the drug, or, if that country is not a party to the Geneva Convention (No. 1), upon such evidence as may satisfy him that the drug is to be sent in a lawful manner and for a proper purpose.
(3)  A diversion certificate shall be issued in duplicate and one copy thereof shall accompany the drug when it is exported from the Island. The other copy shall be despatched by the Chief Medical Officer direct to the proper authority in the country to which the consignment has been diverted.
(4)  Upon the issue of a diversion certificate the export authorisation or diversion certificate (if any) accompanying the drug on its arrival in the Island shall be detained by the Chief Medical Officer and returned to the authority issuing such authorisation or diversion certificate together with a notification of the name of the country to which such drug has been diverted.
PART VI.  General
Licences.

5/2015 S. 11.
19.  Licences, permits, or authorities, for the purposes of this Act (other than Part IIIA, section 9A and Part V) may be issued or granted by the Chief Medical Officer on such terms and subject to such conditions (including in the case of a licence the payment of a fee) as the Minister may prescribe.
Exporter or agent liable for contravention regarding export.
20. If any articles prohibited to be exported by virtue of this Act are exported from the Island in contravention thereof, or brought to a quay or other place for the purpose of being so exported or of being water-borne to be so exported, the exporter or his agent shall be guilty of an offence against this Act.
Power of inspection and seizure.

31/1961 S. 2(a).
21.—(1)  Any constable, or other person authorised in that behalf by any general or special order of the Commissioner of Police, shall, for the purposes of the execution of this Act, have power to enter the premises of any person carrying on the business of a producer, manufacturer, seller, or distributor, of any drugs to which this Act applies and to demand the production of and to inspect any books or documents relating to dealings in any such drugs and to inspect any stocks of any such drugs.
31/1961 S. 2(b).
(2)  Any person authorised in that behalf by any general or special order of the Chief Medical Officer, shall. for the purposes of the execution of this Act have power to enter the premises of any person carrying on the business of a producer, manufacturer, seller or distributor of any drugs to which this Act applies, to demand the production of and to inspect any books or documents relating to dealings in any such drugs and to inspect any stocks of any such drugs and seize and detain any drug which in the opinion of such authorised person is below standard or is unfit for use.
31/1961 S. 2(b).
(3)  Any drug seized and detained under this section may be destroyed on the certificate of the Chief Medical Officer to the effect that it is below standard or is unfit for use.
10/1964 S. 2(a).
(4)  If any member of the Constabulary Force of or above the rank of Sergeant is satisfied that there is reasonable cause to believe that an offence against this Act is being committed in any premises, he may give directions in writing to any constable to enter such premises, search the premises and seize and detain—
(a)  any drug to which this Act applies;
(b)  anything in which such constable reasonably suspects a drug to which this Act applies is being concealed;
(c)  any other thing by means of which or in respect of which such constable reasonably believes an offence against this Act has been committed or which may be evidence of the commission of such offence,
and such constable shall have power to carry out such directions:
Provided that it shall be the duty of such constable in the execution of any such directions to produce the instrument containing the same to the owner or occupier of any premises entered pursuant to such directions if required by such owner or occupier to do so, and to permit a copy thereof to be taken by, or on behalf of, such owner or occupier either at the time of the entering and search of such premises or at any time afterwards whilst such instrument remains in the custody of the constable.
31/1961 S. 2(b).
(5)  If a Justice is satisfied by information on oath that there is reasonable ground for suspecting—
(a)  that any drugs to which this Act applies are, in contravention of the provisions of this Act or of any regulations made thereunder, in the possession or under the control of any person in any premises, or
(b)  that any document directly or indirectly relating to or connected with any transaction or dealing which was, or any intended transaction or dealing which would if carried out be, an offence against this Act or, in the case of a transaction or dealing carried out or intended to be carried out in any place outside the Island, an offence against the provisions of any corresponding law in force in that place, is in the possession or under the control of any person in any premises,
he may grant a search warrant authorising any constable named in the warrant, at any time or times within one month from the date of the warrant, to enter, if need be by force, the premises named in the warrant, and to search the premises and any persons found therein, and if there is reasonable ground for suspecting that an offence-against this Act has been committed in relation to any such drugs which may be found in the premises or in the possession of any such persons, or that any document which may be so found is such a document as aforesaid, to seize and detain those drugs or that document, as the case may be.
31/1961 S. 2(c).

10/1964 S. 2(b).
(6)  Every person who wilfully delays or obstructs any constable or any person authorised by the Chief Medical Officer pursuant to the provisions of subsection (2) in the exercise of his powers under this section, or fails to produce' or conceals, or attempts to conceal, any such books, stocks, drugs, things or documents, as set out in this section, shall be guilty of an offence against this Act.
Offence of using the postal services for drugs.

17/1987 S. 7.
21A.—(1)  Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in any other enactment, every person who, without lawful excuse—
(a)  encloses in or with any letter, parcel, packet or other matter sent by post, or posts any cocaine, opium, ganja or drug to which Part IV applies; or
(b)  uses any mailbag or mail van or other vehicle used for the carrying of mail for the transportation of any cocaine, opium, ganja or drug to which Part IV applies,
shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable—
(c)  on conviction before a Circuit Court to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fifteen years; or
(d)  on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate, in the case of a first conviction for such offence, to a fine not exceeding fifty thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years, or to both such fine and imprisonment and in the case of a second or subsequent conviction for such offence, to a fine not exceeding one hundred thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to both such fine and imprisonment.
(2)  In subsection (1) "mailbag"—
(a)  has the same meaning as defined in section 2 of the Post Office Act; and
(b)  includes any bag that is similar in design and construction to bags customarily used for the purpose of transporting mail.
Offences and penalties.
22.—(1)  Every person who—
(a)  for the purpose of obtaining, whether for himself or for any other person, the issue, grant or renewal, of any licence, permit, or authority, issued under this Act, makes any declaration or statement which is false in any particular, or knowingly utters, produces, or makes use of, any such declaration or statement or any document containing any such false declaration or statement; or
(b)  in the Island aids, abets, counsels, or procures, the commission in any place outside the Island of any offence punishable under the provisions of any corresponding law in force in that place, or does any act preparatory to, or in furtherance of, any act which if committed in the Island would constitute an offence against this Act; or
17/1987 S. 8(a), (b).
(c)  contravenes or fails to comply with any of the regulations made under this Act,
shall be guilty of an offence against this Act.
17/1987 S. 8(c).
(2)  Every person who is guilty of the offence of importing or bringing into the Island or exporting therefrom any drug contrary to section 8, or of manufacturing or trading in any products contrary to section 11, or of manufacturing, or selling any drug or otherwise dealing therein (by way of a transaction of any description whatsoever) in contravention of any regulations made under section 9 shall be liable—
30/1994 S. 6(a)(i).
(a)  on conviction before a Circuit Court, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty-five years; or
30/1994 S. 6(a)(ii).
(b)  on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate, to a fine not exceeding five hundred thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to both such fine and imprisonment.
17/1987 S. 8(c).
(3)  Every person who is guilty of the offence of being in possession of any drug in contravention of any regulations made under section 9 shall be liable—
30/1994 S. 6(b)(i).
(a)  on conviction before a Circuit Court to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty-five years; or
30/1994 S. 6(b)(ii).
(b)  on summary conviction before a Resident-Magistrate to a fine not exceeding five hundred thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to both such fine and imprisonment.
17/1987 S. 8(c).
(4)  Every person who is guilty of the offence of importing or bringing into the Island or exporting therefrom any raw opium or coca leaves contrary to section 3 or any prepared opium shall be liable—
30/1994 S. 6(c)(i).
(a)  on conviction before a Circuit Court to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty-five years; or
30/1994 S. 6(c)(ii).
(b)  on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate to a fine not exceeding five hundred thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to both such fine and imprisonment.
17/1987 S. 8(c).
(5)  Every person who is guilty of an offence against this Act for which no penalty is otherwise provided shall on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate be liable to a fine not exceeding fifteen thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or to both such fine and imprisonment.
17/1987 S. 8(c).
(6)  A person, other than a person lawfully authorised, found on any school premises in possession of any cocaine, opium, ganja or drug to which Part IV applies is deemed to have such cocaine, opium, ganja or drug for the purpose of selling or otherwise dealing therein, unless the contrary is proved by him.
17/1987 S. 8(c).
(7)  A person, other than a person lawfully authorised, found in possession of more than—
(a)  one-tenth of an ounce of diacetyl-morphine (heroin);
(b)  one-tenth of an ounce of cocaine;
(c)  one-tenth of an ounce of morphine;
(d)  one ounce of opium; or
(e)  eight ounces of ganja,
is deemed to have such drug for the purpose of selling or otherwise dealing therein, unless the contrary is proved by him.
17/1987 S. 8(c).
(8)  In subsection (6)—
"school" includes any educational institution within the meaning of section 2 of the Education Act, and
"school premises" includes—
(a)  any buildings, playing fields or other premises established or maintained for the benefit of the pupils of a school whether or not such buildings, playing fields or other premises are within the cartilage of the school;
(b)  any premises for the time being used for the keeping of a school.
1/1961 S. 2.
(9)  Where any person is convicted of an offence against this Act the Court, in addition to any other punishment, may order to be forfeited any drugs, pipes, or utensils in respect of which the offence was committed.
16/1974 S. 3(b).
(10)  Upon conviction for any offence against any regulations under this Act relating to the keeping of books or the issuing or dispensing of prescriptions containing drugs to which this Act applies, the offender—
(a)  shall not be sentenced to imprisonment without the option of a fine; and
(b)  shall be liable to a fine which shall not exceed five hundred dollars,
17/1987 S. 8(d).
if the Court or in the case of a conviction under subsection (2)(a) or (3)(a) the Judge dealing with the case is satisfied that the offence was committed through inadvertence and was not preparatory to, or committed in the course of, or in connection with, the commission or intended commission of any other offence against this Act.
(11)  Every person who attempts to commit an offence against this Act or solicits or incites another person to commit such an offence shall, without prejudice to any other liability, be liable to the same punishment and forfeiture as if he had committed an offence under this Act.
(12)  Where a person convicted of an offence under this Act is a company, the Chairman and every director and every officer concerned in the management of the company shall be guilty of the like offence unless he proves that the act or omission constituting the offence took place without his knowledge or consent.
(13)  Whenever any person to whom any licence, permit, or authority, has been issued or granted under this Act would be liable under the provisions of this Act or of any regulations made thereunder to any punishment, fine, or forfeiture, for any act, omission, neglect, or default, he shall be liable to the same punishment, fine or forfeiture for every similar act, omission, neglect or default, of any agent or servant employed by him in the course of his business, and every agent or servant employed by him in the course of his business, shall also be liable to every punishment, fine, or forfeiture, prescribed for such acts, omissions, neglects, or defaults, contrary to the provisions of this Act as fully and effectually as if such agent or servant had been the person to whom the licence or authority had been issued or granted.
(14)  Notwithstanding the provisions of any enactment prescribing the time within which proceedings for an offence punishable on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate may be commenced, any proceedings for an offence under this Act or for aiding or abetting or counselling or causing or procuring such an offence, or for attempting to commit such an offence, or for soliciting or inciting another person to commit such an offence, may be commenced either within the time so prescribed or within three months from the date on which evidence sufficient in the opinion of the Director of Public Prosecutions to justify a prosecution for the offence comes to his knowledge, whichever time is the longer, and for the purposes of this subsection a certificate purporting to be signed by the Director of Public Prosecutions as to the date on which such evidence comes to his knowledge shall be conclusive evidence thereof.
Power of arrest.
23.  Any constable may arrest without warrant any person who has committed, or attempted to commit, or is reasonably suspected by such constable of having committed or attempted to commit, an offence against this Act, if he has reasonable ground for believing that that person will abscond unless arrested, or if the name and address of that person are unknown to and cannot be ascertained by him.
Seizure and forfeiture of vehicles.
10/1964 S. 4.
16/1974 S. 4(a).
24.—(1)  If any constable has reasonable cause to suspect that any conveyance is being used or has been used for the commission of any offence against this Act, he may without a warrant search and, if such search reveals evidence that the conveyance is being used or has been used for the commission of any offence as aforesaid, seize and detain such conveyance.
17/1987 S. 9.
(2)  Where any conveyance is seized pursuant to this section and—
(a)  any person is convicted of an offence against this Act; and
(b)  the Court is satisfied that—
(i)  that person owns the conveyance used in the commission of the offence; or
(ii)  that the owner of the conveyance permitted it to be so used; or
(iii)  that the circumstance are otherwise such that it is just so to do.
the Court shall, upon the application of the prosecution, order the forfeiture of the conveyance.
17/1987 S. 9.
(3)  On the application of the Director of Public Prosecutions before a Resident Magistrate's Court having jurisdiction in the area where a conveyance is seized pursuant to subsection (1), the Court may, notwithstanding that the conditions mentioned in subsection (2) have not been satisfied, order the forfeiture of the conveyance if the Court is satisfied that—
(a)  the conveyance has been abandoned; or
(b)  the circumstances in which the conveyance was seized give reasonable cause to suspect that the conveyance was being used or has been used for the purpose of committing an offence against this Act,
and that it is otherwise just so to do.
17/1987 S. 9.
(4)  Where the Director of Public Prosecutions proposes to apply for forfeiture of any conveyance under subsection (3), he shall give to any person who, to his knowledge, was at the time of the seizure the owner thereof notice of the seizure of the conveyance and the intention, after the expiration of thirty days from the date of the notice, to apply for forfeiture thereof and of the grounds therefor:
Provided that notice shall not be required to be given under this subsection if the seizure was made in the presence of the owner or any of the owners of the conveyance seized or any servant or agent of the owner.
17/1987 S. 9.
(5)  Without prejudice to any other form of service of notification, notification may, for the purposes of subsection (4), be made by publication in a daily newspaper printed and circulating in the Island.
17/1987 S. 9.
(6)  Any person having a claim to any conveyance seized under this section may appear before the Court on the hearing of the application and show cause why an order for forfeiture should not be made.
17/1987 S. 9.
(7)  Where, on the hearing of an application pursuant to subsection (3) for forfeiture of a conveyance, no person appears before the Court to show cause why an order for forfeiture should not be made the Court shall presume that the conveyance has been abandoned.
17/1987 S. 9.
(8)  If, upon the application of any person prejudiced by an order made by the Court under subsection (2) or (3), the Court is satisfied that it is just to revoke such order, the Court may revoke that order upon such terms and conditions as it deems appropriate, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, shall require that person, to pay in respect of storage, maintenance, administrative expenses, security and insurance of the conveyance such charges as shall be charged by the appropriate government agency and approved by the Court, not exceeding one and a half times the value. as determined by the Court. of the conveyance.
17/1987 S. 9.
(9)  An application to the Court under subsection (8) for the revocation of an order shall be made within thirty days of the date of the order or within such greater time, not exceeding six months after the date of the order as the Court may allow.
Meaning of importation and exportation under licence.
25.  For the purposes of this Act, any article shall be deemed to be imported under licence or exported under licence if the importer or exporter, as the case may be, is the holder of a licence issued under this Act authorising the importation or exportation, as the case may be of the article and complies with the conditions, if any, of the licence, but not otherwise.
Burden of proof.
26.  In any proceedings against any person for an offence against this Act, it shall not be necessary to negative by evidence any licence' authority or other matter of exception or defence and the burden of proving any such matter shall lie on the person seeking to avail himself thereof.
Admissibility of certificate of Government Analyst.
28/1954 S. 2.
27.  In any proceedings against any person for an offence against this Act the production of a certificate signed by a Government Chemist or any Analyst designated under the provisions of section 17 of the Food and Drugs Act, shall be sufficient evidence of all the facts therein stated, unless the person charged requires that the Government Chemist or any Analyst be summoned as a witness, when in such case the Court shall cause him to attend and give evidence in the same way as any other witness.
Meaning of expression "conveyance" in Part VI.
16/1974 S. 5.
28.—In this Part, "conveyance" includes any vehicle, ship, aircraft or other means of transport.
Regulations.
5/2015 S. 12.
29.—(1)  The Minister may, subject to sections 4, 7D(6), 7H, 9 and 9A, make regulations in order to give effect to the purposes of this Act.
(2)  Regulations made under this Act may provide for penalties for offences under those regulations, in excess of the amount specified by section 29 of the Interpretation Act but not, in any event, exceeding one million dollars or six months imprisonment.
Power to amend Second Schedule and penalties.
5/2015 S. 12.
30.  The Minister may, by order subject to affirmative resolution, amend—
(a)  the Second Schedule;
(b)  the monetary penalties imposed by this Act.